What type of wood should you choose for your wood-fired oven? Oak, beech? When starting up your wood-fired oven, it’s natural to have questions. The choice of wood will impact factors such as temperature rise speed and ash production. Therefore, it’s crucial to carefully consider the wood you use for your Ephrem wood-fired oven.

Types of wood to steer clear of:

In general, it is advisable to avoid using softwoods such as pine, spruce, cedar, fir, larch, yew, cypress, and cedar for your wood-burning oven. These woods tend to burn quickly, resulting in lower energy efficiency. They also have a higher tendency to create more residue, leading to more frequent flue maintenance. If you still wish to use softwoods, it is recommended to properly dry and split them for at least 3 to 4 years beforehand. Additionally, chestnut and acacia woods are also not recommended for wood-fired ovens.

It is highly recommended to avoid using treated wood in your wood-fired oven. Wood that has been treated with varnish, paint, or other wood treatment products can release toxic fumes when burned, which can pose serious health risks.

Recommended types of wood

For optimal performance, it is important to use dry and untreated wood in your oven. Some recommended wood types include oak, beech, ash, alder, birch, and hornbeam. These hardwoods provide a steady and efficient heat source. Fruit trees such as olive, apple, pear, and cherry can also be used, but ensure they are thoroughly dry. Vine wood can be a suitable option as well.

In some cases, specific woods like eucalyptus and juniper are used in wood-fired ovens to infuse a unique flavour into the meat. However, it is important to ensure that these woods are adequately dried and used in moderation.

Here’s a helpful tip: consider combining different types of wood to take advantage of their diverse energy efficiency characteristics. Oak can help maintain a steady ember, while birch, beech, and ash contribute to reaching and maintaining the desired temperature due to their high calorific value.

What environmental implications does it have?

With the natural growth of forests and the practice of sustainable agroforestry, wood is considered to have neutral greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To minimise your environmental impact, it is recommended to source wood from local foresters who follow sustainable practices. Additionally, you can reuse the ashes as a mineral supplement in your garden, which will benefit the health of your plants.

In summary:

  • Opt for dry, untreated wood like oak, beech, or fruit trees.
  • Avoid using softwoods that can cause clogging in your oven.
  • Consider the source of your wood and choose local wood from sustainably managed forests.
  • Above all, enjoy the fantastic experience of using your wood-fired oven and creating memorable moments together!

Editorial: Ephrem Fusion
Photographs: Libres de droits
Source:  Cheminées liégeoises